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In Taiwan, budaixi puppet shows, somewhat similar to the Japanese Bunraku, occur with puppeteers working in the background or underground.Some very experienced puppeteers can manipulate their puppets to perform various stunts, for example, somersaults in the air.Japan has many forms of puppetry, including the bunraku.Bunraku developed out of Shinto temple rites and gradually became a highly sophisticated form of puppetry.
The Rajasthani Puppet from India is notable and there are many Indian ventriloquists and puppeteers. Tholpavakoothu (or Tolpava Koothu) is a tradition of shadow puppetry that is unique to Kerala, India.Tholpavakoothu shadow puppets are typically made out of animal skin, and are held by a thin stick in one hand while the limbs are manipulated by a thinner stick held in the puppeteer's other hand.About 160 puppets are used for the complete version of the Kamba Ramayana, representing 71 characters in four main categories (sitting, standing, walking, fighting), as well as puppets to depict nature, battle scenes and ceremonial parades.The puppets are built out of wood and the shows are performed in a waist high pool.
A large rod under the water is used by the puppeteers to support and control the puppets.
A hand puppet is controlled by one hand which occupies the interior of the puppet and moves the puppet around (Punch and Judy puppets are familiar examples of hand puppets).